SMITH LIVING TRUST
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TRUST PROPERTY ............................................... -1-
TRANSFER OF ADDITIONAL PROPERTY TO TRUST ................. -1-
RIGHTS RESERVED DURING LIFE OF TRUSTOR .................... -1-
A. Distributions While Trustor is Living ..................... -1-
B. Distributions Upon Incapacity .......................... .. -2-
SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE ........................................... -2-
A. Designation of Successor Trustees ......................... -2-
B. Resignation of Trustee: Vacancy in Office: Appointment of Successor Trustee .................................... ... -2-
C. Limitation of Liability ................................. -3-
D. Definition of Trustee .................................. -3-
E. Disability of a Trustee .................................... -3-
ADMINISTRATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF TRUST ESTATE UPON THE DEATH OF THE TRUSTOR ................................ -4-
A. Division of Trust Estate into Separate Trust Shares ............... -4-
B. Outright Distribution of Child's Trust Share .................. -5-
C. Administration and Distribution of Trust for Issue of a
Deceased Child ........................................ -5-
D. Contingent Distribution Provisions ............................ -6-
E. Trust for Beneficiary Until Age Twenty-Five .................... -6-
F. Intentional Omission .................................... -7-
FINAL TERMINATION OF ALL TRUSTS ............................. -7-
SPENDTHRIFT PROVISION ........................................ -8-
POWERS OF TRUSTEE ................................................ . -9-
A. Listing of Trustee's Powers ............................... -9-
D. Delegation of Trustee Powers .......................... ... -17-
E. Installment Notes-Delayed Distribution ................. . -18-
F. "S" Corporation Stock .................................. -18-
G. Termination of Trust with Principal Under $50.000 ......... .. -19-
REVOCATION AND AMENDMENT .............................. -19-
A. Revocation by Trustor ................................ . -19-
B. Amendment By Trustor ............................... -19-
C. Trusts Irrevocable Upon Death of Trustor ............... -20-
D. Power of Attomey-in-Fact to Amend or Revoke . -20-
LIFE INSURANCE PROVISIONS ................................. .. -20-
A. No Obligation to Pay Premiums .......................... -20-
B. Reservation of Rights by Owner of Policies ............... -20-
C. Trustee's Duties Upon Death of Insured .................. -20-
TRUSTEE'S COMPENSATION .................................. . -21-
NO CONTEST CLAUSE ......................................... .. -21-
A. Disinheritance of Contestant ........................... -21-
B. Attorneys' Fees ..................................... ... -23-
C. Provisions Severable ................................. .. -23-
TAX ALLOCATION PROVISIONS ................................. -23-
REFERENCES AND DEFINITIONS ................................. -24-
GOVERNING LAW .............................................. -24-
NAME OF TRUST ............................................... -24-
SARA JANE SMITH LIVING TRUST
THIS DECLARATION OF TRUST (this "Trust") is made and executed by SARA JANE SMITH , as Trustor and as Trustee.
ARTICLE I TRUST PROPERTY
The Trustee agrees to hold any property which may be transferred to this Trust in accordance with the terms of this Trust,
TRANSFER OF ADDITIONAL PROPERTY TO TRUST
Any person, with the consent of the Trustee, may add other property to any of the trusts established under this Trust. Such property may be transferred to the Trustee by deed, assignment, bequest or devise. In addition, life insurance proceeds and retirement plan benefits may be transferred to the Trustee by appropriately designating the Trustee as beneficiary of the life insurance proceeds or retirement plan benefits.
Any property transferred to the Trustee shall be subject to all of the provisions of this Trust, as if such property were originally part of the trust estate.
RIGHTS RESERVED DURING LIFE OF TRUSTOR
A. Distributions While Trustor is Living. While the Trustor is living, on demand of the Trustor, the Trustee shall distribute to the Trustor any or all of the property contained in the trust estate.
B. Distributions Upon Incapacity. If at any time while the Trustor is living, the Trustor becomes physically or mentally incompetent, the Trustee shall pay or apply any or all of the income and principal contained in the trust estate for the support and medical care of the Trustor. Distributions may be made by the Trustee under this Paragraph whether or not a court of competent jurisdiction has declared the Trustor to be incompetent, mentally ill, or in need of a conservator.
A. Designation of Successor Trustees. If the Trustor ceases to act or for any other reason, including disability, is unable to act as Trustee, then the Trustor's son and daughter, JOHN SMITH and CAROL ANN SMITH, shall become and act as Successor Co-Trustees. If either JOHN SMITH or CAROL ANN SMITH ceases to act or for any other reason, including disability, is unable to act as Co-Trustee, then the other shall act alone as Successor Trustee.
B. Resignation of Trustee: Vacancy in Office: Appointment of Successor Trustee. Any Trustee may resign at any time by complying with the provisions of this Paragraph. If the Trustor is then living, the Trustee shall give the Trustor notice of its resignation. If the Trustor is not then living, the Trustee shall give written notice of its resignation to those beneficiaries (or if they are legally disabled, to their conservators, guardians and other fiduciaries, if any) who are then entitled to receive mandatory or discretionary payments of income from the trust estate. The Trustee shall mail its notice of resignation by certified mail to the last-known addresses of those persons entitled to receive the notice, at least thirty (30) days before the Trustee's resignation is to take effect.
Whenever a Trustee resigns or is unable to act, and no designated Successor Trustee is willing or able to act, or no Successor Trustee is designated, a Successor Trustee shall be appointed in the following manner: Each beneficiary entitled to receive a Trustee's notice of resignation under the first paragraph of this Paragraph shall have one vote. The person
receiving a majority of votes shall be appointed Successor Trustee. If no person shall receive a majority of votes, the resigning Trustee shall appoint a Successor Trustee. If the resigning Trustee does not exercise this power, or if there is no then acting Trustee, the resigning Trustee or any beneficiary may request a court of competent jurisdiction to appoint a Successor Trustee, at the expense of the trust estate.
C. Limitation of Liability. No Successor Trustee shall be responsible for the acts or omissions of any prior Trustee. Furthermore, any Successor Trustee may accept as correct the accounting records of any prior Trustee. No Successor Trustee shall have the duty to investigate or review the actions of any prior Trustee, unless the Successor Trustee, within sixty (60) days of its appointment, receives a written request to conduct such an investigation from any beneficiary of this trust.
D. Definition of Trustee. Except where the context should indicate otherwise, the term "Trustee," as used in this Trust, shall mean any Trustee or Co-Trustees, whether original or successor, duly acting under this Trust.
E. Disability of a Trustee. For the purposes of this Article, the terms "disability" and "disabled" shall mean a Trustee's inability to perform his or her duties under this Trust as a consequence of a physical or mental impairment.
If the Trustor, a Trustee or a beneficiary of this Trust reasonably believes that an acting Trustee is disabled (the "Disabled Trustee"), such person shall notify the Disabled Trustee, in writing, as to the Disabled Trustee's inability to perform the Trustee's duties. Any notice so given shall be referred to as the "Disability Notice."
If the Disabled Trustee and a majority of the adult income and remainder beneficiaries of this Trust cannot agree within thirty (30) days after the date of the Disability Notice as to the existence of such disability, the determination shall be made by two physicians, one designated by the Disabled Trustee and one designated by the remaining Trustee, or if there is no remaining Trustee, then by a majority of the adult income and remainder beneficiaries of
this Trust; provided, however, that if the Disabled Trustee also is a current income beneficiary, the Disabled Trustee shall have no vote in connection with the designation of a physician by the majority of the current income and remainder beneficiaries.
If these two physicians cannot agree on the existence of a disability, they shall appoint a third physician, and the determination of the majority of the three physicians shall be conclusive and binding on all of the Trustees and on all of the beneficiaries of any trust created under this Trust.
All costs incurred in connection with the determination of a Trustee's disability shall be paid pro rata out of the principal of the trusts in effect as of the date of the applicable Disability Notice.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Disabled Trustee fails for any reason to designate a physician under this Paragraph within ten (10) days after the expiration of the thirty (30) day period referred to above, then the Disabled Trustee shall conclusively be deemed to be disabled for all purposes under this Article, and no physician determination of disability shall be necessary.
ADMINISTRATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF TRUST ESTATE UPON THE DEATH OF THE TRUSTOR
Upon the death of the Trustor, the Trustee shall hold, administer and distribute the trust estate in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
A. Division of Trust Estate into Separate Trust Shares. The Trustee shall divide the trust estate into the following shares of equal value:
1. One Share for Each Living Child of the Trustor. One (1) share for each child of the Trustor who is then living, which share shall be set apart and designated as a separate trust share for the benefit of such child; and
2. One Share for Each Deceased Child of the Trustor Who Leaves Living Issue. One (1) share for each child of the Trustor who is then deceased, if there are any then living issue of such deceased child. Such share shall be set apart and designated as a separate trust share for the benefit of the then living issue of such deceased child.
B. Outright Distribution of Child's Trust Share. Each trust share set apart for a living child of the Trustor shall be distributed, outright and free of trust, to such child.
C. Administration and Distribution of Trust for Issue of a Deceased Child. Any trust share set apart for the issue of a deceased child of the Trustor (a "Deceased Child") shall be administered as a separate trust for the benefit of that Deceased Child's issue as a group (the "Deceased Child's Issue"); such trust shall be referred to in this Subparagraph as a "Deceased Child's Trust."
The Trustee shall pay to or apply for the benefit of any one or more of the Deceased Child's Issue so much of the net income and principal from the Deceased Child's Trust as the Trustee, in its discretion, deems necessary for the health, education, support and maintenance of the Deceased Child's Issue as a group. Prior to making any distributions under this Subparagraph, the Trustee first shall take into consideration, to the extent the Trustee deems advisable, any income or resources of the Deceased Child's Issue known to the Trustee. Any income of the Deceased Child's Trust which is not distributed shall be accumulated and added to the principal of such trust.
In exercising the discretion conferred by this Subparagraph, the Trustee may pay more to or apply more for some beneficiaries than others, and may make payments to or applications of benefits for one or more beneficiaries to the exclusion of others, if the Trustee deems this necessary or appropriate in light of the circumstances, the size of the Deceased
Child's Trust, and the probable future needs of the beneficiaries. Any payment or application of benefits pursuant to this Subparagraph shall be charged against the Deceased Child's Trust as a whole rather than against the ultimate distributive share of the beneficiary to whom or for whose benefit the payment is made.
Final distribution shall be made of whatever shall remain of the Deceased Child's Trust among the then living issue of the Deceased Child, by right of representation, free of trust, at such time as there is no living child of such Deceased Child who is under age twenty-five (25). If there are no then living issue of such Deceased Child, the undistributed balance of such Deceased Child's Trust shall be divided in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph A of this Article V, in the same manner as the portion of the trust estate subject to said Paragraph A would have been divided upon the death of the Trustor if the death of the Trustor had occurred immediately following the death of the last to die of the Deceased Child and all of the issue of the Deceased Child. After said division, the remaining balance of such Deceased Child's Trust shall be administered and distributed in accordance with the provisions of Paragraphs B and C of this Article V.
D. Contingent Distribution Provisions. If the Trustor and all of the Trustor's issue should die before the final distribution of the trust estate, or the trusts created pursuant to the provisions of this Trust, the Trustee shall distribute the entire remaining trust estate not otherwise effectively disposed of, free of trust, to those persons who would then be the Trustor's heirs, their identities and respective shares to be determined as though the Trustor's death had then occurred and according to the laws of the State of California then in effect relating to the succession of separate property not acquired from a predeceased spouse.
E. Trust for Beneficiary Until Age Twenty-Five. If any provision of this Article directs the Trustee to make a mandatory distribution of either income or principal outright and free of trust to a beneficiary who is under age twenty-five (25), the Trustee may, in the Trustee's sole and absolute discretion, either:
1. Distribute Outright. Distribute such income or principal outright to such beneficiary;
2. Hold Distribution in Trust. Continue to hold such income or principal in a separate trust for such beneficiary. The Trustee shall pay to or apply to the benefit of the beneficiary of such trust so much of the net income and principal of the trust as the Trustee, in its absolute discretion, deems necessary for the beneficiary's health, education, support and maintenance. However, prior to making any payments of either principal or income to the beneficiary under this Subparagraph, the Trustee first shall take into consideration, to the extent the Trustee deems advisable, the beneficiary's other income and resources (including the beneficiary's ability to earn income after the beneficiary has completed his or her education) known to the Trustee. Any undistributed income shall be accumulated and added to principal.
When the beneficiary of such trust attains the age of twenty-five (25), the Trustee shall distribute the remaining balance of the trust to the beneficiary, outright and free of trust. If such beneficiary dies prior to attaining the age of twenty-five (25), the Trustee shall distribute the remaining balance of such trust to the beneficiary's estate; or
3. Distribute to Custodian. Make an irrevocable transfer of such income or principal to a custodian, selected by the Trustee, for such beneficiary, to be held under the California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act until such beneficiary attains age twenty-five (25).
F. Intentional Omission. The Trustor has intentionally omitted to provide for her husband. HAROLD JOHN SMITH Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, it is the Trustor's intent that HAROLD take nothing under this Trust.
FINAL TERMINATION OF ALL TRUSTS
Unless sooner terminated in accordance with any other provisions of this Trust, each trust created under this Trust shall terminate twenty-one (21) years after the death of the last survivor
of the Trustor and those of the Trustor's issue who are living on the date of death of the Trustor. The Trustee shall distribute all principal and undistributed income of any trust terminated under this Article to the then income beneficiaries of that trust in the same proportion to which they are entitled to receive the trust income at the time of termination.
However, if the rights to income are not then fixed by the terms of the trust, distribution under this Article shall be made, by right of representation, to those persons who are then entitled, or authorized in the Trustee's discretion, to receive income payments.
No beneficiary of any trust created under this Trust shall have any right to alienate, encumber, or hypothecate his or her interest in the principal or income of the trust in any manner; provided, however, that such transactions shall be permissible with the written consent of the Trustee, which consent may be given if the Trustee (in the exercise of the Trustee's absolute discretion) determines that such transaction would be beneficial to the respective beneficiary and would not have a serious adverse effect on the interest of any other beneficiary of the trust. The Trustee shall not be under any obligation whatsoever to consent to any such transaction and need not justify any refusal to do so.
The interest of any beneficiary in principal or income of such beneficiary's trust shall not in any manner be subject to the claims of his or her creditors, liable to attachment, execution, or to any other processes of law, including bankruptcy proceedings. If any creditor shall threaten or attempt to attach, garnish or seize any such interest, the Trustee, so long as said threat or effort on the part of such creditor continues, instead of paying the principal or income due hereunder to said beneficiary, shall apply the same for such beneficiary's health, support, maintenance and education.
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Trust to the contrary, the Trustee shall not have any powers or authority that will cause the foregoing spendthrift provision to lose its status.
as such within the meaning of sections 15300, et seq. of the California Probate Code and section 541(c)(2) of the U.S. Bankruptcy Act.
POWERS OF TRUSTEE
A. Listing of Trustee's Powers. The Trustee shall have the following powers with respect to any and all property held under this Trust, in addition to those powers which may now or in the future be conferred upon the Trustee under the laws of the State of California:
1. General Investment Directive. To invest and reinvest the trust funds in any kind of property (real, personal or mixed) and every kind of investment appropriate under the then-prevailing circumstances, specifically including, but not limited to, corporate obligations of any kind; preferred or common stocks; shares of investment trusts, investment companies, and mutual funds; notes, real estate, bonds, debentures, mortgages, deeds of trust, mortgage participations, market funds and index funds.
Among the circumstances that are appropriate to consider in investing and managing trust assets are the following:
(a) General economic conditions;
(b) The possible effect of inflation or deflation;
(c) The expected tax consequences of investment decisions or strategies;
(d) The role that each investment or course of action plays within the overall trust portfolio;
(e)The expected total return from income and the appreciation of
(f) The need for liquidity, regularity of income and preservation or appreciation of capital; and
(g) An asset's special relationship or special value, if any, to the purposes of the trust or to one or more of the beneficiaries.
In exercising the Trustee's powers, the Trustee shall exercise care, skill and caution to attain the Trustor's goals under this Trust. The Trustee shall consider individual investments as part of an overall investment strategy, having risk and return objectives reasonably suited to the purposes of the trust. The Trustee's investments may include stock in, or any common trust fund administered by the Trustee. In making and implementing investment decisions, the Trustee shall diversify the investments of the trust unless, under the circumstances, it is prudent not to do so.
2. Additional Securities Transactions. To purchase securities on margin, borrow money using securities or any trust property as collateral, purchase and sell commodities, purchase and sell securities options, sell short, and engage in any transaction involving any combination of these powers.
3. Income-Producing Property. To continue to hold any income-producing property that the Trustee receives or acquires under this Trust as long as the Trustee deems advisable.
4. Unproductive Property. To retain, purchase, or acquire unproductive property.
5. Life Insurance. To retain, purchase, or acquire life insurance policies on the life of any person and to exercise all rights of ownership contained in those policies.
6. Stock and Securities Powers. To have all rights, powers and privileges of an owner of the securities held in trust, including, but not limited to, the power to vote, give proxies, and pay assessments; to participate in voting trusts, pooling agreements, foreclosures, reorganizations, consolidations, mergers, liquidations, sales, and leases, and in connection with such participation, to deposit securities with and transfer title to any protective or other committee, as the Trustee may deem advisable; and to exercise or to sell stock subscriptions or conversion rights.
7. Title Holding to Trust Assets. To hold securities or other property in the Trustee's name as Trustee under this Trust or in the name of a nominee. The Trustee may also hold securities that are unregistered in such condition that ownership will pass by delivery.
8. Business Interests Held in Trust. To continue to hold and operate, to sell, or to liquidate, at the risk of the trust estate, and at the Trustee's discretion, any business, partnership interest or capital stock of any corporation that the Trustee receives or acquires under any trust established under this Trust. In connection with the powers given the Trustee under this Subparagraph, the Trustee shall have the power to guarantee any indebtedness incurred by any such business, partnership or corporation, to execute and deliver evidences of such guarantee, and to pledge, hypothecate or otherwise encumber any part or all of the trust estate to secure payment of any indebtedness or guarantee, and to repay such indebtedness out of the trust estate.
9. Real and Personal PropertyGeneral Powers. To manage, control, grant options on, sell (for cash or on deferred payments, with or without security), convey, exchange, partition, divide, improve, repair and otherwise exploit and develop all real and personal trust property.
10. Leases of Trust Property. To lease trust property for terms within or beyond the term of the trust and for any purpose, including but not limited to, exploration for and
removal of gas, oil, and other minerals; and to enter into community oil leases, pooling, and unitization agreements.
11. Trust DebtsGeneral Powers. To borrow money, and to encumber or hypothecate trust property by mortgage, deed of trust, pledge, or otherwise, for the debts of the trust or the joint debts of the trust and a co-owner of trust property; while the Trustor is living, to guarantee any indebtedness incurred by either or both of them; and in connection with any guarantee, to execute and deliver promissory notes or other evidences of such indebtedness or guarantee of the Trustee.
12. Litigation on Behalf of Trust. To commence or defend such litigation in connection with the trust or any property of the trust estate as the Trustee may deem advisable, at the expense of the trust estate. The Trustee shall also have the power to compromise, submit to arbitration, abandon, or otherwise adjust any claims or litigation against or in favor of the trust estate.
13. Employment of Trust Agents. To employ investment advisors, attorneys, accountants, and any other agents or advisors to assist the Trustee in the administration of the trust estate.
14. Liability Insurance. To carry insurance of such kinds and in such amounts as the Trustee deems advisable, at the expense of the trust estate, in order to protect the trust estate against any damage or loss, and to protect the Trustee personally against any liability arising from actions taken in good faith by the Trustee on behalf of the trust estate.
15. Transactions Between Trust and Trustee. To loan or advance the Trustee's own funds to the trust for any trust purpose, with interest at current rates; to receive security for such loans in the forms of a mortgage, pledge, deed of trust, or other encumbrance of any assets of the trust; to purchase assets of the trust at their fair market value as determined by an independent appraisal of those assets; to sell the Trustee's own property to the trust at a price not
in excess of its fair market value as determined by an independent appraisal; and to lease assets to or from the trust for fair rental value as determined by an independent appraisal.
16. Loans to and from Probate Estate of Trustor or Trust Created by Trustor. To loan funds or assets belonging to the trust estate to the probate estate of the Trustor, from one trust to any other trust created under this Trust, or to any trust created by the Trustor, upon such equitable terms and in such amounts as the Trustee deems advisable.
17. Purchases from Probate Estate of Trustor or from Trust Created by Trustor. To purchase property from the probate estate of the Trustor, or from any trust created by the Trustor, at its fair market value.
18. Segregation of Assets of Each Trust. There need be no physical segregation or division of the various trusts created in this Trust, except as segregation or division may be required by the termination of any of the trusts; however, the Trustee shall keep separate accounts for the different undivided interests.
22. Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax Powers. To assist the Trustee in administering those trusts created hereunder which may be subject to the federal Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax, and in preserving and maximizing the exemptions allowable in computing such tax, the Trustee is authorized and, where specifically indicated, is directed:
(a) To allocate the Trustor's unused Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax exemption ("GST Exemption") under Internal Revenue Code §2631 to any property or to any trust with respect to which the Trustor is the transferor for the purpose of such tax, and to exclude any of such property from such allocation. However, if the power to allocate such exemption would constitute a general power of appointment to the holder thereof under Internal Revenue Code §2041, such power shall be exercised only by those other acting Trustees with respect to whom the power to allocate such exemption will not constitute a general power of appointment. If there are no such other Trustees, such exemption shall be allocated as specified in Internal Revenue Code §2632(c).
(b) The Trustee is directed to divide any trust created hereunder which may be subject to the federal Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax (hereinafter referred to as a "Potential Generation-Skipping Trust") and which has an Inclusion Ratio (as defined in Internal Revenue Code §2642) of other than 0 or 1, into two separate trusts (hereinafter referred to as "Divided Trusts") with the same terms and the same beneficiaries, so that one of such Divided Trusts has an Inclusion Ratio of 0 (the "Exempt Trust") and the other of 1 (the "Non-Exempt Trust"). After such division, the Trustee is authorized, in its discretion, to make any distributions of principal and any discretionary distributions of income otherwise provided for under the terms of the Potential Generation-Skipping Trust first from the Non-Exempt Trust and, only when that trust is depleted, then from the Exempt Trust.
(c) In dividing any "Potential Generation-Skipping Trust" under this Subparagraph, the Trustee shall allocate to the Non-Exempt Trust created from such "Potential Generation-Skipping Trust" the minimum fractional share of the assets contained in such "Potential Generation-Skipping Trust" that is necessary to leave the Exempt Trust with an Inclusion Ratio of 0.
23. Delayed Division or Distribution of Trust. Notwithstanding that, under the terms of any trust created under this Trust, such trust may terminate or a distribution or division may be required by reason of the death of the Trustor or for any other reason, and subject to any final termination clause contained in this Trust, the Trustee may defer or delay termination, distribution or division for a reasonable period of time in order to:
(a) receive assets made payable to the Trustee upon or by reason of the Trustor's death;
(b) sell assets of the trust when the Trustee deems such action advisable to accomplish its orderly distribution or other reasonable objectives;
(c) complete the orderly administration of the trust, including the payment of all taxes due upon or by reason of the Trustor's death; or
(d) avoid adverse tax consequences which may arise by reason of such action, such as creating a "disposition" which would adversely affect an election available for federal estate tax purposes.
In determining what is a reasonable period of time, due consideration shall be given to the period of time required for final determination of federal estate taxes and state inheritance taxes, and, in any event, a delay until the federal estate tax and state death tax returns of the Trustor have been filed shall be deemed reasonable.
24. Discretionary Distribution of Trust Income to Reduce Income Tax Liability. The provisions of this Subparagraph shall apply to any and all "discretionary trusts" created under this Trust. For the purposes of this Subparagraph, a "discretionary trust" is a trust which provides, in relevant part, that the Trustee has the power to determine whether the net income of such trust, and how much of such net income, shall be paid to or applied on behalf of a beneficiary of such trust.
The Trustee also may pay to or apply on behalf of a beneficiary of a discretionary trust so much of the net income of the discretionary trust as the Trustee, in its sole discretion, deems advisable for the purpose of reducing the overall income tax liability on such income. The Trustee shall have no liability to any beneficiary of such discretionary trust for failing to exercise the power described in this Subparagraph, even if such failure causes the overall income tax liability on the net income of such discretionary trust to be greater than such income tax liability would have been if any portion or all of the net income of the discretionary trust had been distributed to the beneficiary (or beneficiaries) of such discretionary trust.
Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, any Trustee who is also a beneficiary of such discretionary trust shall have no right or power under this Subparagraph to cause income to be distributed to or on behalf of himself or herself as a beneficiary of such discretionary trust, or to a person such Trustee is legally obligated to support.
25. Division and Consolidation of Trusts. Subject to the provisions of Subparagraph 22 of this Paragraph, the Trustee, in the Trustee's discretion, may divide any trust created under this Trust into two or more separate trusts that have the same terms.
The Trustee, in the Trustee's discretion, also may combine any trust created under this Trust with any other trust otherwise created, so long as:
(a) The Trustee determines that administration as a single trust will be consistent with the intent of the persons who established the trusts, including the intent with respect to the tax consequences of the trusts, and will facilitate trust administration without defeating or impairing any beneficial interests;
(b) The trusts to be combined have the same Inclusion Ratios for generation-skipping transfer tax purposes, unless the Trustee determines, in the Trustee's discretion, that economic efficiency or other considerations justify combining trusts with different Inclusion Ratios; and
B. Allocation of Receipts and Expenses to Income and Principal. The determination of all matters with respect to what is principal and income of the trust estate and the apportionment and allocation of receipts and expenses between principal and income shall be governed by the provisions of the California Uniform Principal and Income Act, as amended from time to time. Any such matter not provided for either in this Trust or in the California Uniform Principal and Income Act shall be determined by the Trustee, in the Trustee's discretion.
C. Waiver of Bond. No bond shall be required of any person acting as Trustee under any trust established under this Trust.
D. Delegation of Trustee Powers. A Trustee may delegate to the other Trustee or Trustees then acting, or to one or more agents, administrative and ministerial duties relating to the trusts established under this Trust. Pursuant to such delegation, one Trustee acting alone, or a designated agent, shall have the power to handle administrative matters of the trust, including, without limitation, the power to perform all acts necessary to transfer any real and personal property contained in such trusts and to execute all documents in connection therewith; to open accounts of any type in one or more financial institutions; to authorize the deposit or withdrawal of funds from any or all of such accounts and to sign checks on such accounts; and to enter into trust safe deposit boxes.
All transfer agents, corporations and financial institutions dealing with a single Trustee or an agent pursuant to the provisions of this paragraph shall be relieved of all liability as a consequence of dealing with such Trustee or agent, and shall not be under any responsibility to see to the performance of the trusts created under this Trust.
E. Installment Notes Delayed Distribution. If the trust estate includes a promissory note or notes for which gain would be accelerated under Internal Revenue Code §453B if distributed to a beneficiary, the note or notes shall not be distributed at the time as otherwise provided for by this trust, but shall continue to be held in trust, and the payments received by the Trustee on the note or notes shall be distributed as received to the beneficiary or beneficiaries who would otherwise receive the promissory note or notes, or to their respective successors-in-interest.
F. "S" Corporation Stock. If any trust created hereunder has distributed or payable to it stock in an "S" corporation, and such trust, if it receives or continues to hold such stock, will not be a permitted stockholder of such "S" corporation, the Trustee shall, no later than "the mandatory distribution date" (as hereinafter defined), distribute such stock, outright and free of trust, to the income beneficiary of such trust, or if there is more than one income beneficiary, then to each such beneficiary in the proportions in which such beneficiaries are entitled to receive the income, or if there is no income beneficiary, then in equal shares to those persons who are then entitled to receive the income in the Trustee's discretion.
The term "mandatory distribution date," as used in this Trust, shall be deemed to mean the last day within the applicable time period specified in Internal Revenue Code § 1361 (c) in which such stock must be removed from said trust in order for said corporation not to lose its "S" corporation status. The Trustor directs that the Trustee carry out these instructions in compliance with Internal Revenue Code §1361(c) and any and all regulations promulgated thereunder.
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Trust to the contrary, if any distributee under this Paragraph is of an age permitting assets to be held for such person under the California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act, then the Trustee shall distribute the aforesaid stock to a custodian, selected by the Trustee, for such distributee until age twenty-five (25) under the California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act.
G. Termination of Trust with Principal Under $50,000. Notwithstanding any provision in this Trust to the contrary, if at any time the fair market value of any separate trust held by the Trustee under this Trust is less than Fifty Thousand Dollars ($50,000), then the Trustee, in its sole and absolute discretion, may terminate such trust. Upon the termination of such trust, the Trustee shall distribute the assets held thereunder free of trust, in equal shares, to each of the persons then entitled to mandatory or discretionary income distributions from such trust; provided, however, that in the case of a beneficiary under age twenty-five (25) at the time of such termination, the Trustee shall distribute the assets held under such trust pursuant to the provisions of Paragraph E of Article V of this Trust.
REVOCATION AND AMENDMENT
A. Revocation by Trustor. The Trustor may revoke this Trust at any time during the Trustor's lifetime, by delivering written notice of revocation to the Trustee. Upon revocation, the Trustee shall promptly distribute to the Trustor all of the property then constituting the trust estate.
C. Trusts Irrevocable Upon Death of Trustor. Upon the death of the Trustor, all trusts created under this Trust shall be irrevocable, and shall not be subject to amendment by any person.
D. Power of Attorney-in-Fact to Amend or Revoke Trust. The power of the Trustor to amend or revoke this Trust may be exercised by an attorney-in-fact appointed by the Trustor under a power of attorney.
LIFE INSURANCE PROVISIONS
A. No Obligation to Pay Premiums. The Trustee is not required to pay any premiums or assessments upon any insurance policy on the life of the Trustor which is not part of the trust estate, even if the Trustee is designated as the beneficiary of such policy. In addition, the Trustee shall not be obligated to take any action to ensure that the premiums on such policies are paid.
B. Reservation of Rights by Owner of Policies. The owner of each insurance policy of which the Trustee is designated a beneficiary shall have all rights, options and privileges of ownership in such policy. These rights, options and privileges include, but are not limited to, the right to change beneficiaries, to borrow against such policy, and to pledge such policy as security for any loan. The Trustee shall not be responsible for any acts or omissions of the Trustor in connection with any life insurance policy.
C. Trustee's Duties Upon Death of Insured. Upon the death of the insured:
1. The Trustee shall use reasonable efforts to collect the proceeds of all life insurance policies payable to the Trustee.
2. The Trustee shall have the power to take any actions that the Trustee deems necessary to collect the proceeds of such policies and to pay the expense of collection out of the trust estate; however, the Trustee shall not be required to bring suit to enforce payment of such policies until the Trustee shall have been indemnified to its satisfaction against all expenses and liabilities which might arise in connection with such litigation.
3. The Trustee shall have the power to compromise or settle any dispute in connection with such policies, and to execute all necessary and proper releases and acquittances.
4. No insurance company shall be required to inquire into the Trustee's application or disposition of policy proceeds paid to the Trustee by such insurance company. The written receipt of the Trustee to the insurance company shall be considered a full release and discharge.
Each Trustee shall be entitled to reasonable compensation for ordinary services, for any extraordinary services performed by such Trustee, and for all services rendered in connection with the termination or revocation, in whole or in part, of any trust created under this Trust.
NO CONTEST CLAUSE
A. Disinheritance of Contestant. If any beneficiary under this Trust, or any legal heir of the Trustor, or any person claiming under any of them, directly or indirectly:
B. Attorneys' Fees. The Trustee is authorized to defend any contest against this Trust, or any of its provisions, and to pay the expenses of such defense from the trust estate.
C. Provisions Severable. In the event that any provision of this Article is held to be invalid, void or illegal, the same shall be deemed severable from the remainder of the provisions of this Article, and shall in no way affect, impair or invalidate any other provision contained in this Article. If such provision shall be deemed invalid due to its scope and breadth, such provision shall be deemed valid to the extent of the scope or breadth permitted by applicable California law.
TAX ALLOCATION PROVISIONS
Except as provided to the contrary in this Trust, the Trustor directs that all federal estate taxes imposed upon or in relation to any property required to be included in the gross estate of the Trustor for federal estate tax purposes, and all inheritance and succession taxes payable on or resulting from or by reason of the death of the Trustor, with the exception of any Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax, whether or not attributable to property subject to probate administration, shall be prorated in accordance with the provisions of California Probate Code §§20110 through 20117, as amended from time to time.
Except as provided to the contrary in this Trust, the Trustor further directs that any Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax imposed upon or in relation to any property of which the Trustor is considered to be the transferor for the purposes of such tax, shall be prorated in accordance with the provisions of California Probate Code §§20210 through 20215, as amended from time to time.
REFERENCES AND DEFINITIONS
All references in this Trust to the singular number and neuter gender shall be deemed to include the plural number and the masculine or feminine gender when the context so requires and vice versa.
The terms "child," "children," "issue," "descendants," "heirs," or words of similar import, shall include legally adopted persons who were legally adopted prior to their attaining the age of majority. Unless specifically provided to the contrary in this Trust, such terms shall in no event include step-children, foster children or any issue of step-children or foster children. For the purposes of this Trust, a child or issue in gestation shall be considered as then living if such child or issue in gestation is later born alive.
The term "education" shall include, but shall not be limited to, private primary and secondary schooling, college and postgraduate study, and vocational education, so long as pursued to advantage by the beneficiary, in the Trustee's judgment and discretion. In determining payments to be made for education, the Trustee shall take into consideration the beneficiary's reasonable related living expenses.
ARTICLE XV GOVERNING LAW
All questions relating to the validity, construction and administration of this Trust shall be determined in accordance with the laws of the State of California.
ARTICLE XVI NAME OF TRUST
The name of this Trust shall be the "SARA JANE SMITH LIVING TRUST."
The Trustor and the Trustee has executed this Trust on January 29, 2002
SARA JANE SMITH
TRUSTOR AND TRUSTEE
STATE OF CALIFORNIA
COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES)
January 29, 2002, before me, the undersigned, a Notary Public in and for said State, personally appeared SARA JANE SMITH, or proved to me on the basis of satisfactory evidence) to be the person whose name is subscribed to the within instrument and acknowledged that she executed the same in her authorized capacity, and that by her signature on the instrument the person, or the entity upon behalf of which the person acted, executed the instrument.
WITNESS my hand and official seal.
Notary Public in and for said County and State